Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis, one of two conditions classified as inflammatory bowel disease, is a chronic illness affecting the colon and rectum. Crohn’s, the other inflammatory bowel disease, can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract.


Specialized Treatment

The Digestive Health Center offers comprehensive care for patients with ulcerative colitis, including both inpatient and outpatient services. We’ll make sure you get the specialized treatment you need as we work with our team of radiologists, surgeons and pathologists.


What’s the Difference Between Colitis and Ulcerative Colitis?

Colitis is an inflammation of the colon accompanied by abdominal pain, bloody stools and diarrhea. It can last days or even longer. Ulcerative colitis is a long-term immune system disorder affecting parts of the colon and rectum that includes both inflammation and ulcers, a type of tiny sore in your colon’s lining.


Types of Ulcerative Colitis

Your Digestive Health Center doctor will help you understand ulcerative colitis and how to manage this lifelong disease. Here are the types of ulcerative colitis:

Ulcerative proctitis: A mild form of ulcerative colitis, usually affecting less than six inches of the rectum. Symptoms can include diarrhea, rectal bleeding and a steady urge to empty the bowel regardless of stool’s presence.

Left-sided colitis: Inflammation only on the left side of the colon. Symptoms can include diarrhea, a sensation of always needing to have a bowel movement, abdominal or rectal pain, rectal spasms and weight loss.

Extensive colitis: Extensive inflammation of the colon. Symptoms can include bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and weight loss.


Ulcerative Colitis Screenings & Tests/Treatments

  • Colonoscopy
  • Stool test
  • Imaging tests: CT scan, MRI
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Immunomodulator drugs: These drugs reduce inflammation by suppressing the immune system
  • Biologics: Antibodies created in the laboratory that stop certain proteins in the body from producing inflammation
  • Dietary changes: Recommendations from a registered dietitian

Surgery for Ulcerative Colitis

When other treatment options do not control the symptoms of ulcerative colitis, surgery may be necessary. The Crohn’s and Colitis foundation estimates that 25-40 percent of people with ulcerative colitis eventually require surgery. Our team of Colorectal Surgeons offer the most advanced, minimally invasive surgical treatment options available.

There are two common procedures performed for ulcerative colitis:

Proctocolectomy with ileostomy: Removal of the colon and rectum and then an opening is created to connect the ileum, the lower part of the small intestine, to the skin of the abdomen. Attaching a bag, called an ostomy pouch to the opening, allows waste from the small intestine to empty into the pouch.

Proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA): Removal of the colon and rectum and creation of an internal pouch that eliminates the need for a permanent external ostomy.

Advanced, minimally invasive surgical treatment options

The Crohn’s and Colitis foundation estimates that 25-40 percent of people with ulcerative colitis eventually require surgery


Make an Appointment

Call to schedule an appointment with a GI specialist at Hartford Hospital.
Ask your doctor for a referral before you call.

Call 833.431.0004


Meet our Ulcerative Colitis Specialists:

Name Specialties Location
Blitzer, Avrum Harry, MD 860.972.0001
  • Gastroenterology
  • Internal Medicine
Show Less
  • Hartford
  • Hartford
Show Less
Cappa, Joseph Anthony, MD 860.657.1920
  • Gastroenterology
  • Glastonbury
  • Bloomfield
  • Hartford
  • Hartford
Show Less
Cipolla, Donna Marie, MD 860.657.1920
  • Gastroenterology
  • Internal Medicine
Show Less
  • Glastonbury
  • Avon
  • West Hartford
  • Wethersfield
Show Less
Ianello, Joseph Louis, MD 860.253.6867
  • Gastroenterology
  • Internal Medicine
Show Less
  • Enfield
  • Putnam
Show Less
Jo, Kevin Seungho, MD 203.886.0036
  • Gastroenterology
  • Internal Medicine
Show Less
  • Wallingford
  • Hartford
Show Less
Johnson, Kristina Hope, MD, FACS, FASCRS 860.548.7336
  • Colon & Rectal Surgery
  • General Surgery
Show Less
  • Farmington
  • Glastonbury
  • Hartford
  • Hartford
Show Less
Kopec, Krzysztof Lukasz, MD 860.409.4567
  • Gastroenterology
  • Internal Medicine
Show Less
  • Farmington
  • New Britain
  • Southington
Show Less
Lee, Steve Y., MD 860.289.3375
  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Hartford
  • Avon
  • Wethersfield
Show Less
Moote, Douglas John, MD 860.289.3375
  • Pediatric Radiology
  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Radiology
Show Less
  • Hartford
  • Avon
  • East Hartford
  • Wethersfield
Show Less
Sardella, William Vincent, MD 860.548.7336
  • Colon & Rectal Surgery
  • General Surgery
Show Less
  • Hartford
  • Glastonbury
  • Hartford
Show Less
Schoenfeld, Adam Craig, MD 860.229.9688
  • Gastroenterology
  • Internal Medicine
Show Less
  • New Britain
  • Southington
Show Less
Smedley, Michelle Victoria, MD 860.409.4567
  • Gastroenterology
  • Farmington
  • Bloomfield
  • Enfield
  • Glastonbury
  • Hartford
Show Less
Thurston, Kristy Tyler, MD 860.548.7336
  • Colon & Rectal Surgery
  • General Surgery
Show Less
  • Hartford
  • Hartford
  • Manchester
  • Manchester
Show Less
Vignati, Paul Vincent, MD 860.548.7336
  • Colon & Rectal Surgery
  • General Surgery
Show Less
  • Hartford
  • Hartford
Show Less
Weiser, Jeffrey Steven, MD 860.409.4567
  • Gastroenterology
  • Internal Medicine
Show Less
  • Farmington
  • Bloomfield
  • Glastonbury
  • Hartford
Show Less

Digestive Health Center